Details
Study title
People on War
Ref study 6655
Study language French
Contributing institutions
Authors
Keywords
  • Conflit armé
  • Droit de la guerre
  • Droit humanitaire
  • Victimes (protection)
  • Droit international public
  • Violence armée
Disciplines
Period
1999, 2009, 2016
Geographical space
Afghanistan, South Africa, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, United States, France, Georgia, Haiti, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Liberia, Nigeria, Palestine, Philippines, United Kingdom, Russia, El Salvador, Somalia, South Sudan, Switzerland, Syria, Ukraine, Yemen
Country
  • Switzerland
  • France
  • United States
  • Israel
  • South Africa
  • United Kingdom
  • China
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Nigeria
  • Russian Federation
  • Afghanistan
  • Cambodia
  • Colombia
  • Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
  • El Salvador
  • Georgia
  • Haiti
  • Iraq
  • Lebanon
  • Liberia
  • Palestine, State of
  • Philippines
  • Somalia
  • South Sudan
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Ukraine
  • Yemen
Abstract
For the 50th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions and as part of its policy for better protection of victims of armed conflict, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) conducted an international survey "People on War" between 1998 and 1999 in 12 countries recently affected by armed conflict. The idea was to "give a voice" to civilian populations and combatants in countries that have endured the modern forms of war. In addition, the consultation included national opinion surveys in four of the five permanent member countries of the UN Security Council - France, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States - as well as Switzerland the depositary country of the Geneva Conventions, to see how the publics in these countries view war.

In 2009, a similar survey entitled "Our World. Views from the Field" was undertaken in 8 countries that were experiencing or had experienced armed conflict or other situations of armed violence. The aims were to develop a better understanding of people’s needs and expectations, to gather views and opinions, and to give a voice to those who had been adversely affected by armed conflict and violence.

The initial survey "People on War" was repeated in 2016 in 11 countries affected by armed conflict, as well as to the five permanent members of the UN Security Council and Switzerland. A number of the same questions were also asked in the last People on War survey enabling some comparisons over time to be made.
Results
Methods (description)
Methods (instruments)
Replicated study No
Unpublished documents
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Israel, the occupied territories and the autonomous territories. ICRC worlwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Somalia. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Colombia. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Georgia-Abkhazia. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: South Africa. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Parallel Research Programme. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Lebanon. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Afghanistan. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Cambodia. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Philippines. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: France, United Kingdom, United States. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Nigeria. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Bosnia-Herzegovina. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: El Salvador. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. Country report: Russian Federation. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
  • Greenberg Research, Inc.. 1999. The People on War Report. ICRC worldwide consultation on the rules of war. ICRC Publications, Geneva, 1999.
Financed by


Mandating institution(s)
  • Comité international de la Croix-Rouge - CICR, Av. de la Paix 19, 1202 Genève
Ethical approval No
Study type
Data availability
Source (Updates)
Date created 05.02.2018
Date modified 27.02.2018
Start - End date 01.01.1998 - 31.12.2016