Study title
Comparing the development of the motivation for school work and work in enterprise among the apprentices
Ref study 6969
Study language French
Contributing institutions
  • Formation professionnelle
  • Apprentissage
  • Adolescence
  • Motivation
  • Maturité professionnelle
  • Etude longitudinale
  • Approche socio-cognitive
  • Orientation scolaire et professionnelle
Geographical space
Canton de Fribourg
  • Switzerland
Compared with the very large amount of work on student motivation, there is very little research on motivation for study and work for apprentices. And yet, the growing number of drop-outs or changes of orientation during the apprenticeship alone would justify a serious study of this question. The overall objective of this project is to examine the extent to which various institutional or psychological variables influence the way in which the motivation of apprentices evolves for the different dimensions of their learning (job-oriented classes, general culture or activities in the host company).
Among the institutional variables, we examined the impact of the types of pathways (apprenticeship or professional maturity), the determinants of the professional choice (degree of adequacy between the apprenticeship position found and the dream profession) and the training phase (first, second or final year of apprenticeship). As for the psychological variables, we have retained the nature of personal aspirations, the construction of professional identity and the perception of the social and relational climate in which the apprenticeship takes place. The research was to enable us to achieve two goals: to contribute to the study of a population still poorly understood in the field of research (the dual training as it exists in Switzerland meeting only very little outside our borders), but also deliver important information for reflection on training policy.
Five main questions guided the research:
1. How does motivation evolve during basic vocational training?
2. How does the motivation relate to the three fields of activity: job-oriented classes, general culture or training in the host company?
3. What is the effect of the type of path followed (apprenticeship or professional maturity) on motivation?
4. Does the voluntary or forced choice of a sector and / or profession have an influence on motivation?
5. In the context of vocational adolescents, how do motivational variables relate to other cognitive and affective variables, in particular identity, aspirations and projects, representations of the profession and vocational training, and the perception of working conditions?
Methods (description)
La population de référence est celle des élèves en apprentissage dual dans le canton de Fribourg. Trois types de filières sont concernés: apprentissage sans maturité professionnelle, apprentissage avec maturité professionnelle intégrée et maturité professionnelle post-apprentissage. Au total 800 apprentis et apprenties répartis en 5 échantillons ont été interrogés. Le premier échantillon était destiné à l'expérimentation des outils de recherche. L'échantillon 2 a permis de suivre l'évolution de la motivation durant 3 années de formation professionnelle. L'échantillon 3 a permis de suivre l'évolution de la motivation durant la première année de formation. L'échantillon 4 comprend des élèves de la filière maturité professionnelle post-apprentissage. Des mesures répétées des différentes variables (motivation, orientations motivationnelles, buts et projets, identité et représentations de la formation théorique et pratique) ont été effectuées. Les divers instruments ont été testés durant la première phase de la recherche.
Démarche méthodologique: Autres démarches: Questionnaires
Design du relevé: panel encore à préciser, étude longitudinale
Nombre et/ou taille des objets: 800 apprentis
Données relevées par: équipe de recherche
Methods (instruments)
Replicated study No
Financed by
Ethical approval No
Study type
Data availability
Source (Updates) Web
Date created 29.03.2018
Date modified 29.03.2018
Start - End date 01.10.2000 - 28.09.2003