Details
Study title
Socio-political orientations of employees. Membership of and opposition to interest groups and political parties
Ref study 5394
Study language German
Contributing institutions
Authors
Keywords
  • Arbeitsbeziehungen
  • Arbeit
  • Korporatismus
  • Gewerkschaft
  • Institutionen
  • Politische Orientierung
  • Politisches System
  • Parteien
  • Interessenorganisationen
Disciplines
Period
1970 ff.
Geographical space
Schweiz
Country
  • Switzerland
Abstract
In the past Swiss employees were socio-politically integrated in two major ways. In the field of collective labor relations, employees were represented in three major large organizations: a social democratic, a Christian and a white collar peak organization. In politics, the social democratic party was closely linked to the social democratic union and their employees. These coalitions between social groups, organizations and political parties were at the center of the social partnership existing in the economic system and of consociational democracy, which characterizes the political system. At the core of these coalitions were strong feelings of attachment and hostility to certain organizations and political parties.
This is a standard description of Swiss labor relations and democracy until the late 1970s. However, it has been argued that in recent decades these attitudes have changed as a result of the process of modernization. A major aspect of these developments has been the change in working conditions and in evaluation of the importance of work. Working conditions have become increasingly diverse, hindering a common definition of employee interests, even if done separately by the three major union organizations. Since in addition it is assumed that the importance of work is decreasing, work is loosing its structuring impact on Swiss politics. The proposed project takes issue with these hypotheses. Based on a comparable dataset, it tries to describe the extent of attachment and hostility of employees to organizations and political parties in Switzerland. The results are compared in time as well as across nations. The guiding hypothesis states that, although feelings of attachment and hostility have declined in extent, this has not endangered the Swiss system of corporatism and consociational democracy. This is due to the stabilizing impact of institutions on attitudes, limiting the extent of erosion of ties between employees and organizations and parties. This is also due to stable elite behavior and the institutional inertia of Swiss corporatism and consociational democracy, which isolate and stabilize these institutions from changes in attitudes.
Results
Methods (description)
Erhebungsverfahren: Standardisierte Befragung schriftlich; Standardisierte Befragung telefonisch.
Erhebungseinheiten: Hauptuntersuchung; erwachsene Bevölkerung in der Schweiz.
Auswahlverfahren: Zufallsauswahl.
Anzahl Untersuchungseinheiten: 3000.
Durchführung der Feldarbeit: Link Institut.
Präzisierungen: Telefonische Befragungen mit schriftlicher Nachbefragungen und schriftlicher Zusatzbefragungen von Gewerkschaftsmitgliedern.
Methods (instruments)
Publications
  • Armingeon, Klaus; Geissbühler, Simon . 2000. Gewerkschaften in der Schweiz: Herausforderungen und Optionen. Zürich: Seismo, 2000.
  • Armingeon, Klaus. 2000. Zwei Gewerkschaftsbewegungen und die sozio-politische Heterogenität der Angestelltenschaft: Organisations- und Mobilisierungsprobleme der deutschen Gewerkschaften im internationalen Vergleich. In: Wessels, B.; Zimmer, A. (Hrsg.): Interessengruppen, Verbände, Bewegungen und Demokratie in Deutschland 1945-1999. Opladen, Leske und Budrich, 2000.
  • Armingeon, Klaus. 2000. Swiss federalism in comparative perspective. In: Wachendorfer-Schmidt, U. (Hrsg.): Federalism and political performance. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, [2000?].
  • Geissbühler, Simon . 2000. Soziopolitische Einstellungen von Arbeitnehmern in der Schweiz im internationalen Vergleich (1971-1998): Einheit oder Vielfalt, Wandel oder Stabilität, "Normalfall" oder "Sonderfall"?. Bern: Universität Bern, 2000. Dissertation.
  • Armingeon, Klaus. 2000. Instutionalising the Swiss Welfare State. In: West European Politics, Special issue (ed. by Jan-Erik Lane), 2000.
  • Armingeon, Klaus. 2000. Oekonomische Erklärungen des Verhaltens bei aussenpolitischen Abstimmungen. In: Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, 2/2000.
  • Geissbühler, Simon . 1999. Are Catholics Still Different? Catholicism, Political Attitudes and Party Attachments in Switzerland, 1970-95. In: West European Politics 22(3)/1999, S. 223-240.
  • Armingeon, Klaus. 1999. Die Stabilität der eidgenössischen Regierungskoalition in vergleichender Perspektive. In: Oesterreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, Heft 4, 1999, 463-473.1.
  • Geissbühler, Simon . 1999. Parteipolitische Orientierungen von Katholiken in der Schweiz nach 1970: Wandel oder Kontinuität?. In: Zeitschrift für Schweizerische Kirchengeschichte 93/1999, S. 189-200.
  • Armingeon, Klaus. 1999. Europäische Gewerkschaften vor den Herausforderungen des politischen, sozialen und ökonomischen Wandels. In: Hemmer, H.O. (hrsg.): Bilanz mit Ausichten: die neue IG Metall an der Schwelle zum 21. Jahrhundert. Opladen; Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verl., 1999. S. 181-201.
  • Geissbühler, Simon . 1999. Politische Orientierungen gewerkschaftlich organisierter Arbeiter- und Mittelschichten in der Schweiz. In: Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 5(2)/1999, S. 39-65. Online: 10.1002/j.1662-6370.1999.tb00269.x
  • Armingeon, Klaus. 1997. Trade Unionists and politics: a comparative analysis. In: Transfert (Quarterly of the European Trade Union Institute), 3/3 (1997), p. 578-597.
Unpublished documents
  • Geissbühler, Simon . 1999. The party-union relations in postindustrial and globalized societies: the cases of Austria, Germany and Switzerland in the 1990s. Paper presented at the German Studies Association Conference, Atlanta/Georgia (USA) (October 8, 1999).
Financed by
Study type
Data availability
Source (Updates) Web
Date created 26.04.2018
Date modified 26.04.2018
Start - End date 01.03.1997 - 28.12.1999