Socio-political orientations of employees. Membership of and opposition to interest groups and political parties
In the past Swiss employees were socio-politically integrated in two major ways. In the field of collective labor relations, employees were represented in three major large organizations: a social democratic, a Christian and a white collar peak organization. In politics, the social democratic party was closely linked to the social democratic union and their employees. These coalitions between social groups, organizations and political parties were at the center of the social partnership existing in the economic system and of consociational democracy, which characterizes the political system. At the core of these coalitions were strong feelings of attachment and hostility to certain organizations and political parties.
This is a standard description of Swiss labor relations and democracy until the late 1970s. However, it has been argued that in recent decades these attitudes have changed as a result of the process of modernization. A major aspect of these developments has been the change in working conditions and in evaluation of the importance of work. Working conditions have become increasingly diverse, hindering a common definition of employee interests, even if done separately by the three major union organizations. Since in addition it is assumed that the importance of work is decreasing, work is loosing its structuring impact on Swiss politics. The proposed project takes issue with these hypotheses. Based on a comparable dataset, it tries to describe the extent of attachment and hostility of employees to organizations and political parties in Switzerland. The results are compared in time as well as across nations. The guiding hypothesis states that, although feelings of attachment and hostility have declined in extent, this has not endangered the Swiss system of corporatism and consociational democracy. This is due to the stabilizing impact of institutions on attitudes, limiting the extent of erosion of ties between employees and organizations and parties. This is also due to stable elite behavior and the institutional inertia of Swiss corporatism and consociational democracy, which isolate and stabilize these institutions from changes in attitudes.
Erhebungsverfahren: Standardisierte Befragung schriftlich; Standardisierte Befragung telefonisch.
Erhebungseinheiten: Hauptuntersuchung; erwachsene Bevölkerung in der Schweiz.
Anzahl Untersuchungseinheiten: 3000.
Durchführung der Feldarbeit: Link Institut.
Präzisierungen: Telefonische Befragungen mit schriftlicher Nachbefragungen und schriftlicher Zusatzbefragungen von Gewerkschaftsmitgliedern.
|Start - End date||01.03.1997 - 28.12.1999|