Identities 2000 - "The 21st century and us" (Swiss recruits and the youth survey 1998/99)
The aim of the questionnaire and the investigations is to describe and explain how young people on the threshold to the next century associate their state of mind, life plans and self-images with the perception and evaluation of the local, national, Europe-wide and global situation and development. The concept of identity includes emotional ties to the community, region, country and international spaces as well as views of the current situation, expected and desired developments in these spaces. Particular emphasis is placed on questions of how expected positive or negative, desired or feared developments on the outside affect the state of mind and willingness to act on the inside, both locally and nationally.
The construction of the instrument follows five circles that merge into one another. The questions start in the inner circle of EGO. It is about one's own state of mind, one's self-image and the classification of one's personal identity in relation to other parts of society. The second is the local-regional circle: How is the individual situated in his own place of residence and in the region, what perceptions, expectations and wishes exist with regard to the proximity of the region and the place of residence and what weight is given to him in identity and in life plans?
The national circle expands personal and regional perceptions, problems and attitudes towards Switzerland. The weight of national identity is particularly important with regard to the future of young people in the survey. The more traditional nuclei of national identity are complemented by questions that identify the critical elements of national identity and enzymes that influence the direction of new patterns of identity.
The national viewpoint leads into the circle of Europe-wide questions. This raises questions about the perceptions, ideas and evaluations that Western and enlarged Europe calls up in the image of young people. Not only the questions about the pros and cons of integration are important, but also perceptions, fears and expectations of how developments in the European environment affect the national circle. The global circle poses questions with regard to non-European parts and global society. Questions aim to determine how far young people are establishing global links to their identity on the threshold to the next millennium. The analysis of the questions shows which global developments give rise to fear or optimism about the future and how these affect the inner circles, the personal state of mind and the willingness to act in the local and national environment.
A novelty is to involve parents and grandparents of recruits and young people in a separate survey. Differences and similarities in the mindset of the three generations are to be identified. The results should provide the impetus for discussions between the three generations on how the future is seen by the different generations at the beginning of the new century.
Befragung der Rekruten der RS 1998 und 1999 mit einem schriftlichen Fragebogen. Mit dem gleichen Frageinstrument wird eine Ergänzungsstichprobe von 2000 nicht-dienstleistenden jungen Erwachsenen befragt. Über eine Auswahl von befragten Rekruten werden zusätzlich Eltern und Grosseltern in die Untersuchung miteinbezogen, welche ebenfalls schriftlich befragt werden. Die Eltern- und Grosselternstichprobe soll insgesamt 1'600 Befragte erfassen, die je zur Hälfte aus der Deutschschweiz und aus der Romandie stammen. Die Ergebnisse sollen sowohl den Sprachvergleich wie den Vergleich über drei Generationen ermöglichen.
|Ethical approval||No||Study type||
|Start - End date||01.01.1996 - 28.12.2000|