China Anomie Project
Humanity has undergone historic changes in recent decades. Such far-reaching social and economic changes within a system lead to structural burdens, especially when the old and new systems coexist and collide. As a consequence of the stress-generating living conditions resulting from these radical changes, a series of certain subjective feelings arise among the individuals concerned: "anomie" is understood in this sense as a quality of sociality that is reflected by individual attitudes, opinions and perceptions. As with many other social phenomena, anomic conditions are equally characterized by constructive and destructive moments. Social instability and disintegration are considered fundamental characteristics of anomic processes in the context of the study, for which measuring instruments are to be developed, which then permit the early recognition of anomic tendencies.
China's attempt to integrate the market economy into an existing socialist system of society has led to a rapid development of the economic system that has affected the entire country. In addition to these economic successes, anchoring in socialist traditions has led to a clash of seemingly incompatible views. As a result of enormous conflicts of values and norms in Chinese society, there is an increase in distrust, dissatisfaction and pessimism. A mixture of hope and hopelessness - such paradoxes reflect the dynamic changes in today's Chinese society and make China a particularly interesting testing ground for an study of anomie. Among other things, the focus was on questions about perceptions of changes in the socio-professional world, the Dan Wei, as the traditional Chinese work unit.
|Start - End date||01.01.1994 - 28.12.1997|