The inner space of science. Forms and consequences of disciplinary differentiation
In the context of the module "Knowledge" of the priority programme "Switzerland towards the Future", two data collection projects have joined forces. They deal with the connection between the cultural context and the social organization of science from two different perspectives. Both studies analyse the question of how processes of professional demarcation take place and how the individual disciplines and specialist areas differ. The necessary information was collected by means of a written survey on the one hand and qualitative interviews on the other.
The project entitled "academic culture and langugage region; Distances and differences in scientific disciplines related to region and language" under the direction of Bettina Heinz, FORSbase reference number 5378, examines whether and to what extent two academic cultures of linguistic and regional character can be distinguished in Swiss higher education.
Switzerland forms an overlapping area of four language communities. Universities exist in two of the four regions and, more recently, in the Italian-speaking part of the country. Numerous empirical individual findings and selective studies indicate that there is a communication gap between the scientists of German-speaking and Latin Switzerland and that different traditions are at work in the academic world. Systematic studies on this are hardly available. The project 'Subject-specific culture and language region' investigates whether and to what extent two different academic cultures of linguistic and regional character can be distinguished in Swiss higher education.
The project entitled "Science as a profession? Causes and Expressions of under-representation of women in science; Disciplinary differences in comparison" under the direction of Ursula Streckeisen, FORSbase reference number 5413, examines whether and in what form the gender difference in the various disciplines becomes a structuring principle.
With women accounting for 5 percent of the professorship, science is one of the most segregated professional fields in Switzerland. Nevertheless, there are hardly any studies to date that consistently describe the situation of women in science from the perspective of segregation research.
Both the classical orientation of segregation research, which focuses in particular on individual and structural factors as explanatory variables, and the newer direction of segregation research, in which the question of how gender difference is "articulated" in the working context, i.e. to what extent the representation of gender is part of work routines and thus contributes to the genderization of occupations, are transferred to the scientific field in this study.
Standardisierte schriftliche Befragung und qualitative Interviews.
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