Details
Study title
Social classification and modernisation (SOTOMO): between socio-structural change and cultural persistence: development of ideological milieus of Switzerland from a socio-topological view
Ref study 6506
Study language German
Contributing institutions
Authors
Keywords
  • Modernisierung
  • Sozialstruktur
  • Wertewandel
  • Weltanschauung
  • Regionalisierung
  • Volksabstimmungen
  • Visualisierung
  • Sozialtopologie
  • Geographische Informationswissenschaften (gis)
Disciplines
Period
1866-2000
Geographical space
ganze Schweiz
Country
  • Switzerland
Abstract
The main goal of the project was to investigate change and persistence in the ideological structure of Switzerland, to trace back to its social and cultural causes and to interpret them from a contemporary diagnostic perspective. A multidimensional and relational view of social topologies based on Bourdieu was chosen as the theoretical approach to social differentiation. The sociographic approach was combined with theories of modernisation and value change for the dynamic consideration of change and the persistence of political and moral milieus.
As an ideal prerequisite for the reconstruction of worldviews, Switzerland has a unique resource in the form of results from federal referenda in the municipalities. The long time series of these aggregates of expressions of opinion goes back to the 19th century and offers a powerful "monitoring" of Switzerland's regional ideological differentiation and was therefore developed and used as an empirical basis.
The combination of social structure analysis, modernisation theory, coordination research and regional analysis required a transdisciplinary approach in which theoretical and methodological knowledge from sociology, political science and geography was incorporated and applied fruitfully. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used for the longitudinal analysis of the referendum results.
In the first phase, the required voting results were digitised, qualified in terms of content and subject matter, classified and integrated into a database. In the second phase, cross- section and longitudinal analyses were combined to extract ideological dimensions of conflict, named and interpreted with the help of content classification and finally modeled into a ideological topology. A reinterpretation of methods of Geographical Information Science (GIS) served both to visualize the ideological grid and to link it with conventional maps. By integrating indicator variables for social and cultural differentiation, a relationship to Bourdieu's social topology was created. In the third phase, four complex hypotheses were worked on, which make change and persistence in ideological topology explainable over the entire 130-year period. The SOTOMO project aimed to combine different theoretical traditions and methodological approaches and to develop new research strategies.
Results
Methods (description)
1. Mehrdimensionale, relationale und topologische Betrachtungsweise von weltanschaulicher Differenzierung in einer Querschnittanalyse. Verwendung multivariater explorativer Verfahren zur Extraktion von weltanschaulichen Konfliktdimensionen.
2. Längsschnittanalyse durch Verbindung der Querschnittsanalysen mit einem dynamischen Verfahren.
3. Visualisierung der mehrdimensionalen Strukturen mit Hilfe einer Raummetapher.
Erhebungsverfahren: Sekundäranalyse von Aggregatdaten, Inhaltsanalyse
Erhebungseinheiten: Resultate der eidgenössischen Volksabstimmungen in den Gemeinden der Schweiz
Auswahlverfahren: Vollerhebung Anzahl
Untersuchungseinheiten: rund 3000 Gemeinden, ca. 500 Volksabstimmungen
Untersuchungsdesign: Querschnitt und Längsschnitt
Weitere relevante Präzisierungen: Die Datenerhebung umfasste vor allem die Recherche nach den Volksabstimmungsresultaten (Ort, Zustand etc.) und deren Digitalisierung und Plausibilisierung.
Methods (instruments)
Publications
  • Hermann, Michael; Leuthold, Heinrich. 2000. Einsatz von kartographischen Methoden und GIS zur Analyse und Visualisierung mehrdimensionaler Strukturen in den Sozialwissenschaften. In: Schmidt, B.; Uhlenküken, C. (Hrsg.): Visualisierung raumbezogener Daten: Methoden und Anwendungen, Bd. II. Beiträge zum 3. GeoVISC-Workshop 25. September 2000. Münster, 2000.
  • Hermann, Michael; Leuthold, Heiri. 2000. GIS-Methoden zur Visualisierung metaphorischer Räume aus dem Bereich der Sozialwissenschaften. In: Tagungsband zur GIS-SIT2000 in Fribourg. 2000.
  • Hermann, Michael; Leuthold, Heiri. 1999. Der Raum der Weltanschauungen: Analyse und Visualisierung der kommunalen Resuöltate eidgenössischer Volksabstimmungen. Arbeitspapier zum Jahreskongress der Schweizerischen Vereinîgung für Politische Wissenschaften 1999 in Balsthal. 1999.
Unpublished documents
  • Hermann, Michael. 1998. Der Weltanschauungsraum: ein Instrument zur integrativen Erfassung mentaler, sozialer und regionaler Differenzierungen. Diplomarbeit am Geographischen Institut der Universität Zürich. 1998.
Financed by
Study type
Data availability
Source (Updates) Web
Date created 27.04.2018
Date modified 27.04.2018
Start - End date 01.04.2000 - 28.04.2003