Details
Study title
Leisure and holiday behaviour and mobility in Switzerland
Ref study 7621
Study language French
Contributing institutions
Authors
Keywords
  • Loisirs
  • Mobilité spatiale
  • Vacances
Disciplines
Period
Geographical space
Suisse
Country
  • Switzerland
Abstract
The Swiss Confederation, represented by the General Staff of the Federal Commission for the Global Design of Transport (CGST), has mandated the project leaders to develop and analyse surveys on leisure behaviour and leisure mobility in Switzerland in order to provide basic scientific data on transport demand.
The results of this leisure analysis will be used to develop sociological variables necessary for the "input" of traffic models (CGST main study). They will be part of the overall transportation demand estimates. Given the general significance of the evolution of leisure, these results can also be used to control social constraints.
The leisure concept includes all leisure cycles, i.e. daily leisure, weekend leisure, holidays and the Third and Fourth Age. The aim of this research is the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the social factors determining leisure mobility, as well as their evolution trends. The wording of the goal highlights the three perspectives of our research.
1. Descriptive perspective: to report on the state of affairs, the real leisure behaviour of the Swiss population and the travel associated with it.
2. Explanatory perspective: to update the main factors of these behaviours and their sociological conditioning. (Qualitative analysis of the effects of micro and macro-sociological factors determining leisure mobility behaviour and aspirations)
3. Prospective perspective: can we speculate on the probable evolution of these behaviours?
This requires an exploration of infrastructural determinations of behaviour, namely economic evolution, diachronic dynamics of social structure and social construction of space. On the other hand, there is a superstructural determinant, aspirations, which also have an impact on future leisure behaviour.
The hypotheses guiding the research are as follows:
1. Social groups have clearly differentiated access to the sphere of leisure, whether it is leisure time, the content of leisure, the place of leisure and the means of transport linked to this leisure, when the latter so requires.
2. The social groups taken into consideration are essentially the result of the social division of labour. These groups are primarily socio-professional groups, whose groups make up the social classes, whose organization also takes into account the social construction of space; but also age classes (young people in training; active population; retired) and combinations of social groups with gender and education level.
The measurement of free time in its relationship to human life requires that we distinguish four cycles:
1. business day cycle
2. the end of week cycle
3. the annual cycle
4. the life cycle
Let us indicate schematically the possible relation with space, thus with displacement: the greater the quantity of continuous free time, the more the possibility of a displacement over a distance exists. Continuous free time is the necessary - not sufficient - condition of the displacement dimension.
We distinguish the agglomeration, the region and the national and international space. With a few exceptions, the free time of working days is used within the agglomeration, or even in one of its fractions; the free time on weekends allows travel in the region; the annual holidays allow migrations affecting the national and international space; finally, the free time of the elderly will be distributed more and more on the three spaces and that of the 4th age will be concentrated again on the agglomeration or even exclusively on the hospital institution.
Results
Methods (description)
La recherche empirique, réalisée entre 1974 et 1976, comprenait la réalisation d'une enquête par questionnaire standardisé auprès d'un échantillon de 1066 personnes, représentatif de la population résidente en Suisse et âgée de 15 à 74 ans. Une autre recherche, par interviews semi-directives sur le thème des loisirs, a permis de réaliser deux cents entretiens auprès de jeunes (apprentis et étudiants), d'adultes (hommes et femmes ; ouvriers, employés et couches supérieures) et de retraités. Ces entretiens ont été effectués dans 4 régions du pays : Genève, Zürich, une région des Grisons et le Jura. Ils expriment le contenu vécu par les acteurs des données quantitatives fournies par l'autre recherche.
À ces matériaux principaux s'ajoutent des séries d'observations directes, et l'analyse secondaire de données fournies par les recensements, les organismes internationaux, etc.
L'analyse effectuée dans le cadre du mandat, et centrée sur la notion de mobilité spatiale, laissait en fiche une analyse et une réflexion plus complète sur les pratiques de loisirs, leur mode social d'organisation, leur signification.
Methods (instruments)
Publications
  • Lalive d'Epinay, Christian; Bassand, Michel; Christe, Etienne; Gros, Dominique. 1983. Temps libre: culture de masse et cultures de classes aujourd'hui. Editions Pierre-Marcel Favre, Coll. Regards sociologiques, Lausanne, 1983.
  • Bassand, Michel; Lalive d'Epinay, Christian; Christe, Etienne; Grandmousin, Christiane. 1976. Loisirs, vacances et mobilité spatiale. Commission fédérale pour la Conception Globale des Transports, Berne, 1976.
Financed by


Mandating institution(s)
  • Commission fédérale pour la Conception Globale des Transports (mandat No 44)
Study type
Data availability
Source (Updates) Archive
Date created 03.05.2018
Date modified 03.05.2018
Start - End date 01.01.1974 - 28.12.1976