Study title
Tiryaki Kukla – An adapted smoking-cessation intervention for Turkish-speaking migrants in
Ref study 14036
Study language German
Contributing institutions
  • Tabakkonsum
  • Türkische Immigrant*innen
  • Rauchstopp
  • Gruppenintervention
  • Soziale Netzwerke
  • Passivrauchen
  • Chancengleichheit
  • Health literacy
Geographical space
  • Switzerland
Migrant populations usually report higher smoking rates. Among those migrant populations, Turkish- and Kurdish-speaking migrants are often overrepresented. Providing equal access to health services is one of the major challenges of our time. The need for adapted smoking-cessation treatments for Turkish-speaking populations to achieve equity in health led, in 2006, to the development and implementation of the Tiryaki-Kukla smoking-cessation program.

The main objective of the project "Smoking-cessation courses for Turkish-speaking migrants in Switzerland" was to sensitize the target group to the harms of tobacco and passive smoking and to reduce the prevalence of smoking in this population and thus in the Swiss population as a whole. Thereby, a special focus is on the promotion of health literacy and setting-based prevention in the mentioned target group. To this end, the project has been organizing information events and smoking-cessation courses since 2006 (since 2010 as part of the National Stop Smoking Program) and uses Turkish-language online and print media to disseminate tobacco-specific information and raise awareness about quitting smoking.

The main characteristic of the project is a participatory and relationship-based approach at all stages (information about the offer, distribution of the material, recruitment of key persons in associations or groups, recruitment of participants for the courses). The recruitment events and courses take place, for example, in associations or mosques of the Turkish and Kurdish-speaking population. The courses are held in Turkish and are free of charge for the participants. The manual for the course implementation itself has also been developed participatively in a pilot study (cf. Schnoz, Salis Gross & Cangatin, 2008).
Methods (description)
Target population: Turkish- and Kurdish-speaking migrants living in Switzerland

Data collection:
- Documentation of contacts with associations and groups
- Documentation of contacts with professionals and specialized agencies that support the project
- Documentation of activities for valorization (presentations, publications)
- Questionnaire survey of course participants at the beginning of the course (T1) and three months after the stop-smoking day (T2)
- CO measurements continuously during the smoking cessation course
- Follow-up telephone survey of course participants 12 months after the smoking cessation day
- Written description and evaluation of each course by the course instructor
- Interview with the course instructors on the implementation and effect of the courses

Participation rate: Over the entire implementation period, from 2006 to 2019, 6’605 Turkish-speaking migrants in Switzerland received tobacco-related information and were offered tailored treatment for smokers and smoking relatives. From these contacts, 81 smoking-cessation courses have resulted.
Methods (instruments)
Replicated study Yes
Source of the replicated study Schnoz D, Schaub M, Schwappach DL, Salis Gross C. (2011) Developing a smoking cessation program for Turkish Migrants in Switzerland: Novel findings and promising effects. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol. 13/2:127-134. DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntq220
Financed by
  • Other: Schweizer Tabakpräventionsfonds TPF i(Nationales Rauchstopp-Programm der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Tabakprävention Schweiz AT)
Ethical approval No
Study type
Data availability
Source (Updates) Web
Date created 09.02.2021
Date modified 09.02.2021
Start - End date 02.01.2006 - 31.12.2019